Gaza sta morendo.

Cari amici,
    la nostra opinione pubblica e i nostri politici trovano modo per sdegnarsi sul documento dell’UCOII che, del tutto erratamente, paragona Israele ai nazisti (quando lo avrebbe dovuto semplicemente paragonare agli stati colonialisti europei al loro peggio o agli USA al tempo della repressione della rivoluzione filippina). Quello che, invece, viene fatto dagli israeliani a Gaza, alla nostra opinione pubblica e ai nostri politici non sembra degno non dico di discussione, ma neppure di menzione. Il che non toglie che il comportamento di Israele a Gaza (reso possibile dall’attiva complicità degli USA e dei paesi europei) stia diventando sempre più barbaro e rivoltante. Le ultime notizie sulle ultime barbarie compiute a Gaza dall’ "unica democrazia del Medio Oriente" sono riportate in questo articolo di "The Independent" (che sia un fogliaccio antisemita?), gentilmente inviatomi da Aurora Sottimano.
    Buona lettura.
    Michelguglielmo Torri
 
The Independent

‘Gaza is a jail. Nobody is allowed to leave. We are all starving now’
By Patrick Cockburn in Gaza

Published: 08 September 2006
Gaza is dying. The Israeli siege of the Palestinian enclave is so tight that its people are on the edge of starvation. Here on the shores of the Mediterranean a great tragedy is taking place that is being ignored because the world’s attention has been diverted by wars in Lebanon and Iraq.
A whole society is being destroyed. There are 1.5 million Palestinians imprisoned in the most heavily populated area in the world. Israel has stopped all trade. It has even forbidden fishermen to go far from the shore so they wade into the surf to try vainly to catch fish with hand-thrown nets.
Many people are being killed by Israeli incursions that occur every day by land and air. A total of 262 people have been killed and 1,200 wounded, of whom 60 had arms or legs amputated, since 25 June, says Dr Juma al-Saqa, the director of the al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City which is fast running out of medicine. Of these, 64 were children and 26 women. This bloody conflict in Gaza has so far received only a fraction of the attention given by the international media to the war in Lebanon.
It was on 25 June that the Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was taken captive and two other soldiers were killed by Palestinian militants who used a tunnel to get out of the Gaza Strip. In the aftermath of this, writes Gideon Levy in the daily Haaretz, the Israeli army "has been rampaging through Gaza – there’s no other word to describe it – killing and demolishing, bombing and shelling, indiscriminately". Gaza has essentially been reoccupied since Israeli troops and tanks come and go at will. In the northern district of Shajhayeh they took over several houses last week and stayed five days. By the time they withdrew, 22 Palestinians had been killed, three houses were destroyed and groves of olive, citrus and almond trees had been bulldozed.
Fuad al-Tuba, the 61-year-old farmer who owned a farm here, said: "They even destroyed 22 of my bee-hives and killed four sheep." He pointed sadly to a field, its brown sandy earth churned up by tracks of bulldozers, where the stumps of trees and broken branches with wilting leaves lay in heaps. Near by a yellow car was standing on its nose in the middle of a heap of concrete blocks that had once been a small house.
His son Baher al-Tuba described how for five days Israeli soldiers confined him and his relatives to one room in his house where they survived by drinking water from a fish pond. "Snipers took up positions in the windows and shot at anybody who came near," he said. "They killed one of my neighbours called Fathi Abu Gumbuz who was 56 years old and just went out to get water."
Sometimes the Israeli army gives a warning before a house is destroyed. The sound that Palestinians most dread is an unknown voice on their cell phone saying they have half an hour to leave their home before it is hit by bombs or missiles. There is no appeal.
But it is not the Israeli incursions alone that are destroying Gaza and its people. In the understated prose of a World Bank report published last month, the West Bank and Gaza face "a year of unprecedented economic recession. Real incomes may contract by at least a third in 2006 and poverty to affect close to two thirds of the population." Poverty in this case means a per capita income of under $2 (£1.06) a day.
There are signs of desperation everywhere. Crime is increasing. People do anything to feed their families. Israeli troops entered the Gaza industrial zone to search for tunnels and kicked out the Palestinian police. When the Israelis withdrew they were replaced not by the police but by looters. On one day this week there were three donkey carts removing twisted scrap metal from the remains of factories that once employed thousands.
"It is the worst year for us since 1948 [when Palestinian refugees first poured into Gaza]," says Dr Maged Abu-Ramadan, a former ophthalmologist who is mayor of Gaza City. "Gaza is a jail. Neither people nor goods are allowed to leave it. People are already starving. They try to live on bread and falafel and a few tomatoes and cucumbers they grow themselves."
The few ways that Gazans had of making money have disappeared. Dr Abu-Ramadan says the Israelis "have destroyed 70 per cent of our orange groves in order to create security zones." Carnations and strawberries, two of Gaza’s main exports, were thrown away or left to rot. An Israeli air strike destroyed the electric power station so 55 per cent of power was lost. Electricity supply is now becoming almost as intermittent as in Baghdad.
The Israeli assault over the past two months struck a society already hit by the withdrawal of EU subsidies after the election of Hamas as the Palestinian government in March. Israel is withholding taxes owed on goods entering Gaza. Under US pressure, Arab banks abroad will not transfer funds to the government.
Two thirds of people are unemployed and the remaining third who mostly work for the state are not being paid. Gaza is now by far the poorest region on the Mediterranean. Per capita annual income is $700, compared with $20,000 in Israel. Conditions are much worse than in Lebanon where Hizbollah liberally compensates war victims for loss of their houses. If Gaza did not have enough troubles this week there were protest strikes and marches by unpaid soldiers, police and security men. These were organised by Fatah, the movement of the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, also known as Abu Mazen, which lost the election to Hamas in January. His supporters marched through the streets waving their Kalashnikovs in the air. "Abu Mazen you are brave," they shouted. "Save us from this disaster." Sour-looking Hamas gunmen kept a low profile during the demonstration but the two sides are not far from fighting it out in the streets.
The Israeli siege and the European boycott are a collective punishment of everybody in Gaza. The gunmen are unlikely to be deterred. In a bed in Shifa Hospital was a sturdy young man called Ala Hejairi with wounds to his neck, legs, chest and stomach. "I was laying an anti-tank mine last week in Shajhayeh when I was hit by fire from an Israeli drone," he said. "I will return to the resistance when I am better. Why should I worry? If I die I will die a martyr and go to paradise."
His father, Adel, said he was proud of what his son had done adding that three of his nephews were already martyrs. He supported the Hamas government: "Arab and Western countries want to destroy this government because it is the government of the resistance."
As the economy collapses there will be many more young men in Gaza willing to take Ala Hejairi’s place. Untrained and ill-armed most will be killed. But the destruction of Gaza, now under way, will ensure that no peace is possible in the Middle East for generations to come.

The deadly toll

* After the kidnap of Cpl Gilad Shalit by Palestinians on 25 June, Israel launched a massive offensive and blockade of Gaza under the operation name Summer Rains.
* The Gaza Strip’s 1.3 million inhabitants, 33 per cent of whom live in refugee camps, have been under attack for 74 days.
* More than 260 Palestinians, including 64 children and 26 women, have been killed since 25 June. One in five is a child. One Israeli soldier has been killed and 26 have been wounded.
* 1,200 Palestinians have been injured, including up to 60 amputations. A third of victims brought to hospital are children.
* Israeli warplanes have launched more than 250 raids on Gaza, hitting the two power stations and the foreign and Information ministries.
* At least 120 Palestinian structures including houses, workshops and greenhouses have been destroyed and 160 damaged by the Israelis.
* The UN has criticised Israel’s bombing, which has caused an estimated $1.8bn in damage to the electricity grid and leaving more than a million people without regular access to drinking water.
* The Israeli human rights group B’Tselem says 76 Palestinians, including 19 children, were killed by Israeli forces in August alone. Evidence shows at least 53 per cent were not participating in hostilities.
* In the latest outbreak of violence, three Palestinians were killed yesterday when Israeli troops raided a West Bank town in search of a wanted militant. Two of those killed were unarmed, according to witnesses.
 

__._,_.___ 
 

Gaza est en train de mourir
 
Gaza est en train de mourir. Le siège israélien de l’enclave palestinienne est tellement serré que sa population est au bord de la famine. Une grande tragédie est en train de se dérouler ici, sur les rives de la Méditerranée. Elle est ignorée parce que l’attention de la population mondiale a été détournée par les guerres du Liban et d’Irak.
 
Article : Gaza is a jail – The Independent – jeudi 7 septembre 2006 – 22h26
Traduction : Collectif de traduction – pueblo@sympatico.ca

«Gaza est une prison. Nous ne pouvons pas partir. Nous sommes au bord de la famine»
par Patrick Cockburn, à Gaza

À Gaza toute la société est en train d’être détruite. Un million et demi de Palestiniens sont emprisonnés dans une des régions les plus peuplées au monde. Israel a mis fin à tout commerce. Même les pêcheurs n’ont pas le droit de s’éloigner du rivage et doivent s’attaquer au ressac pour essayer en vain d’attraper des poissons avec des filets lancés à la main.

Les incursions israéliennes terrestres et aériennes, qui ont lieu tous les jours, ont tué un grand nombre de personnes. Depuis le 25 juin, elles ont fait 262 morts et 1 200 blessés, dont 60 ont eu un ou plusieurs membres amputés déclare le Dr Juma al-Saqa, directeur de l’Hôpital Al-Shifa de la ville de Gaza, qui n’aura bientôt plus de médicaments. Il y avait, parmi ces personnes, 64 enfants et 26 femmes. Jusqu’à présent, le conflit sanglant qui a lieu à Gaza n’a reçu que très peu d’attention consacrée par les médias internationaux à la guerre ayant lieu au Liban.

C’est le 25 juin que le soldat israélien Gilad Shalit a été capturé et que deux autres soldats ont été tués par des militants palestiniens, qui ont utilisé un tunel pour quitter la bande de Gaza. Dans un article du quotidien «Haaretz», Gideon Levy écrit qu’à la suite à ces événements l’armée israélienne «s’est livré a des saccages partout à travers Gaza (il n’y a pas d’autre mot pour décrire ces actes), tuant et démolissant, bombardant du sol et de l’air aveuglément». Gaza est pratiquement réoccupée puisque les soldats et les tanks israéliens peuvent aller et venir à leur guise. La semaine dernière, dans le district septentrional de Shajhayeh, ils ont envahi et occupé plusieurs maisons pendant cinq jours. Au cours de cette période, ils ont tué 22 Palestiniens, détruit trois maisons et détruit au bulldozer des bosquets d’oliviers, d’agrumes et d’amandiers.

Fuad al-Tuba, agriculteur âgé de 61 ans, qui possédait une ferme ici, a déclaré : «Ils ont même détruit 22 de mes ruches et tué quatre moutons». Il a indiqué tristement du doigt un champ de sable brun, labouré par des marques de chenilles et dans lequel des troncs, des branches et des feuilles fanées formaient plusieurs tas. Tout près, une auto jaune se dressait, le nez enfoncé dans le sol, au milieu de blocs de béton qui avaient constitué autrefois une petite maison.

Son fils, Baher al-Tuba, a décrit comment les soldats israéliens l’ont enfermé avec des membres de sa famille pendant cinq jours dans une chambre de sa maison et comment ils ont survécu en buvant de l’eau d’un étang à poisson. «Des tireurs d’élite se sont places à des fenêtres et ont tire sur toute personne qui s’approchait», a-t-il dit. «Ils ont tué un de mes voisins, Fathi Abu Gumbuz, âgé de 56 ans, puis sont allés chercher de l’eau». L’armée israélienne avertit parfois les personnes avant de détruire une maison. Ce qui cause le plus de frayeur aux Palestiniens c’est d’entendre dans leur cellulaire la voix d’un inconnu leur dire qu’ils ont une demi-heure pour quitter leur maison avant que celle-ci ne soit frappée par des bombes ou des missiles. C’est une sentence sans appel.

Mais les incursions israéliennes ne sont pas les seules à détruire Gaza et sa population. Dans un rapport publié le mois dernier, qui minimise les faits, la Banque mondiale affirme que la Cisjordanie et la bande de Gaza seront confrontées à «une année de récession économique sans précédent. En 2006, les revenus réels diminueront d’au moins un tiers, et la pauvreté affectera près de deux tiers de la population». Dans le contexte local, le terme «pauvreté» signifie un revenu quotidien par personne inférieur à 2,00$ (£1.06).

Il y a des signes de désespoir partout. Le taux de criminalité augmente. Les personnes font tout ce qu’elles peuvent pour nourrir leur famille. Les soldats israéliens sont entrées dans la zone industrielle de Gaza à la recherche de tunnels et ont expulsé la police palestinienne. Quand les soldats israéliens se sont retirés, ils n’ont pas été remplacés par la police mais par des pillards. Un jour au cours de cette semaine, des personnes ramassaient, dans trois charrettes tirées par des ânes, des morceaux de métal trouvés dans les décombres de fabriques qui employaient des milliers.

«C’est notre pire année depuis 1948 [année du début de l’exode massif de réfugiés palestiniens à Gaza]», affirme le Dr Maged Abu-Ramadan, ophtalmologiste devenu maire de la ville de Gaza. «Gaza est une prison. Ni les personne ni les marchandises n’ont le droit de quitter la région. Les gens connaissent déjà la famine. Ils essaient de survivre en mangeant du pain, des falafels (boulettes frites de fèves sèches et de pois chiches), et les quelques tomates et concombres qu’ils font pousser.»

Les rares moyens que les habitants/antes de Gaza avaient pour faire un peu d’argent ont disparu. Le Dr Abu-Ramadan dit que les Israéliens «ont detruit 70% des orangeraies pour créer des zones de sécurité». Les oeillets et les fraises, deux principaux produits d’exportation de Gaza, ont été jetés ou abandonnés et pourrissent. Un bombardement aérien israélien a détruit la centrale électrique et 55% de l’énergie électrique est maintenant presque aussi intermittente qu’à Baghdad.

L’offensive israélienne au cours des deux derniers mois a frappé une société déjà durement affectée par le retrait des subventions de l’Union européenne après qu’en mars le Hamas a été élu en tant que gouvernement palestinien. Israël retient les taxes prélevées sur les marchandises qui entre à Gaza. Ployant sous les pressions des États-Unis, les banques arabes à l’étranger ne remettent pas les fonds au gouvernement.

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