Missione privata di Jimmy Carter in Medio Oriente. Gelo in Israele.

MISSIONE PRIVATA CRITICHE DAL DIPARTIMENTO DI STATO USA: «PARLERÀ CON CHI OSTACOLA LA PACE»
Gelo in Israele per la visita di Carter. Niente incontri con Olmert e 
la Livni
L’ex presidente difende la scelta di vedere il leader di Hamas a Damasco

Dal Corriere della Sera

Dal nostro corrispondente

NEW YORK – Non avrebbe potuto essere più 
glaciale l’accoglienza riservata da Israele all’ex presidente 
americano Jimmy Carter, da ieri a Gerusalemme per una missione 
privata nella regione che prevede, tra l’altro, un incontro a 
Damasco con il leader di Hamas, Khaled Meshaal. Il primo contatto in 
oltre due anni tra un politico Usa d’ alto profilo e Hamas. Soltanto 
il presidente Shimon Peres ha accettato di incontrare l’ 83enne 
Premio Nobel. Ma si sarebbe trattato di un meeting poco cordiale, 
durante il quale Peres avrebbe redarguito l’ artefice degli storici 
accordi di Camp David tra Israele ed Egitto (nel 1978), ricordandogli 
che la sua attività politica degli ultimi anni «ha arrecato danno al 
processo di pace». Forse per questo motivo nessun membro del governo 
israeliano gli ha dato udienza. Carter è stato snobbato dal premier 
di centrodestra Ehud Olmert, dal ministro degli Esteri Tzipi Livni, 
da quello della Difesa Ehud Barak e anche dal leader dell’ 
opposizione di destra Benyamin Netanyahu. A nulla è valsa la sua 
tanto reclamizzata visita a Sderot, (la città vittima delle 
quotidiane gragnole di razzi da Gaza) e l’ incontro con il padre del 
soldato israeliano catturato nel giugno 2006 da Hamas, Gilad Shalit. 
In Israele non si è ancora sopito il clamore per Palestine: Peace, 
not Apartheid, il controverso saggio del 2006 in cui Carter accusa lo 
Stato ebraico di praticare coi palestinesi una politica razzista 
simile a quella attuata dal Sudafrica nei confronti dei neri durante 
l’ Apartheid. Ma proprio come allora, anche oggi Carter difende a 
spada tratta le sue scelte. «È molto importante che ci sia qualcuno 
disposto a incontrare i leader di Hamas e ad ascoltare il loro punto 
di vista», ha spiegato in una intervista alla Abc, dove ha ribadito 
che intende «verificare la flessibilità di Hamas, per tentare di 
convincerlo a cessare gli attacchi contro civili innocenti in Israele 
e a cooperare con Al Fatah per unire i palestinesi». «Non ho dubbi 
sul fatto che se Israele vuole trovare la pace con giustizia nei suoi 
rapporti con i palestinesi – ha aggiunto Carter – debba veder incluso 
Hamas nel processo di pace». Una tesi che lo vede completamente 
isolato in America, dove considerare Hamas un’ organizzazione 
terrorista è un precetto bipartisan che unisce Casa Bianca e Partito 
Democratico. Il segretario di Stato americano Condoleezza Rice ha 
criticato l’ iniziativa di Carter, dopo che il Dipartimento di Stato 
statunitense aveva insistito invano perché rinunciasse al viaggio. 
«Trovo difficile capire cosa possiamo guadagnare nel parlare di pace 
con Hamas – ha detto la Rice -, quando Hamas è, di fatto, l’ ostacolo 
stesso alla pace». * * * Ex presidente Usa Negoziatore in Medio 
Oriente Le intese e le polemiche Presidente e Nobel Jimmy Carter, 83 
anni e ancora esponente di spicco dei democratici statunitensi, è 
stato presidente a Washington dal 1977 al 1981. Nel 2002, per il suo 
impegno da mediatore ha ricevuto il Nobel per la Pace Camp David In 
politica internazionale uno dei maggiori successi attribuiti all’ 
amministrazione Carter è il negoziato tra israeliani ed egiziani che 
ha portato nel 1978 alla firma degli accordi di pace di Camp David 
(nella foto il presidente Usa, tra Sadat, a sinistra, e Begin, a 
destra) La seconda intifada Carter ha continuato a seguire le vicende 
mediorientali, anche dopo la seconda intifada (2000). A dicembre 2005 
ha guidato gli osservatori Usa alle presidenziali palestinesi. Nel 
2006 il suo libro «Palestine, peace not apartheid» ha suscitato molte 
polemiche: Carter critica Israele che «continua a controllare e 
colonizzare il territorio palestinese» e rappresenta «il principale 
ostacolo a un accordo di pace finale»

Farkas Alessandra

———–

(http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/2008/aprile/14/
Gelo_Israele_per_visita_Carter_co_9_080414125.shtml)

***********

Da:   peter.myers
Data: 16 aprile 2008 8:38:07 GMT+02:00

Carter lays wreath for Arafat; Israel denies him entry to Gaza

{so much for American dominance as touted by Chomsky}

Date: Tue, 15 Apr 2008 20:45:02 -0700 (PDT) {From field lost}

http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/993AA6E7-9BDD-4489
AB6B-22D3ABE9A345.htm

Carter lays wreath for Arafat

Jimmy Carter, the former US president, has laid a wreath at the grave 
of Yasser Arafat, the late Palestinian leader, further defying 
Israeli leaders already critical of his plans to meet Hamas.

Carter was refused permission to enter the Hamas-controlled Gaza 
Strip on Tuesday, but met a leading Hamas figure in the West Bank.

A member of Carter’s delegation in the West Bank city of Ramallah 
said that Israel had rejected Carter’s request to visit the Strip.

"I haven’t been able to get permission to go into Gaza … I asked 
for permission, but I was turned down," Carter said.

"But maybe we can find a way to circumvent that. I don’t know yet."

All of the border crossings between Israel and Gaza are controlled by 
Israel and Egyptian forces are stationed at Gaza’s southern border, 
which is largely closed.

Israel angered

The Israeli government has been critical of Carter’s visit, mainly 
over his plans to meet Khaled Meshaal, Hamas’s top leader, in Syria.

Carter said he would use his meeting with Meshaal to "get him to 
agree to a peaceful resolution of differences, both with the 
Israelis … and also with Fatah".

"Since Syria and Hamas will have to be involved in the final peace 
agreement, they ought to be involved in the discussions leading up 
to … peace," he said.

Despite heavy Israeli criticism since his arrival on Sunday, Carter 
met Naser al-Shaer, who served as deputy prime minister in the Hamas-
led government, formed after it won parliamentary elections in 2006.

Later he placed a wreath at Arafat’s mausoleum.

While many foreign dignitaries have done this in the past, George 
Bush, the US president, pointedly did not do so during his recent 
visit to Ramallah.

The Bush administration had shunned Arafat, accusing him of fomenting 
violence, an allegation he had denied.

Carter, who brokered Israel’s first peace treaty with an Arab 
neighbour – Egypt – signed in 1979, has said he hoped to become a 
conduit between the armed Palestinian movement, Washington and Israel.

While he met Shimon Peres, Israel’s president, in Israel on Sunday, 
he was shunned by Ehud Olmert, the prime minister, and other 
policymakers.

Changed:10:35 PM on Thursday, April 10, 2008

°°°°°°°°°°

Carter, defying Israel, meets Hamas former deputy prime minister

Date: Tue, 15 Apr 2008 21:03:47 -0700 (PDT)

http://in.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idINIndia-330
56920080415

Carter, defying Israel, meets Hamas ex-minister

Tuesday 15 April 2008

By Mohammed Assadi

RAMALLAH, West Bank (Reuters) – Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter 
met an ex-minister in Hamas’ government on Tuesday, defying Israeli 
leaders who shunned the Nobel Peace Prize laureate over his contacts 
with the Islamist group.

Naser al-Shaer, who served as deputy prime minister in the Hamas-led 
government that the United States and other Western powers boycotted, 
was greeted by Carter with a hug and kisses to both cheeks, a member 
of Carter’s delegation said.

"Mr. Carter wanted to listen to the positions of different 
Palestinian figures. The meeting was very good and he promised to 
continue such meetings," said Shaer, who was among several 
Palestinian political figures to meet with the former president.

Carter has angered the Israeli government over plans to meet Hamas’ 
top leader, Khaled Meshaal, in Syria, and for describing Israeli 
policy in the occupied Palestinian territories as "a system of 
apartheid" in a 2006 book.

Carter, who brokered Israel’s first peace treaty with an Arab 
neighbour, Egypt, signed in 1979, met Israel’s ceremonial president 
Shimon Peres on Sunday but was shunned by Prime Minister Ehud Olmert 
and other policymakers.

Shaer told Reuters he met one-on-one with Carter and they discussed 
efforts to broker an unofficial truce between Israel and Palestinian 
militants in the Gaza Strip.

Hamas seized the coastal territory by force in June after routing 
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ more secular Fatah faction. 
Abbas then sacked a Hamas-led unity government and appointed a 
Western-backed administration in the West Bank. Abbas’s authority has 
been limited to the occupied West Bank.

Shaer said Carter told him he wanted to play a role in trying to end 
the enmity between Hamas and Fatah.

GAZA DENIED

Carter told reporters earlier he had wanted to visit Gaza, but his 
request was rejected. Carter did not say who turned down his request, 
but a member of his delegation said it was Israel.

"I haven’t been able to get permission to go into Gaza. I would like 
to. I asked for permission. But I was turned down. But maybe we can 
find a way to circumvent that," Carter said.

All of the border crossings between Israel and Gaza are controlled by 
the Jewish state. Egyptian forces are stationed at Gaza’s southern 
border, which is largely closed.

Carter said he would use his meeting with Meshaal to "get him to 
agree to a peaceful resolution of differences, both with the 
Israelis … and also with Fatah".

"Since Syria and Hamas will have to be involved in the final peace 
agreement, they ought to be involved in the discussions leading up 
to … peace," Carter said.

Carter, who stressed he was not acting as a negotiator or a mediator, 
said he hoped "just as a communicator" to relay to "leaders of the 
United States" what Hamas and Syria have to say.

Israel and Washington have sought to isolate Hamas and bolster Abbas, 
who launched U.S.-backed peace talks with Olmert.

Like Israel, the Bush administration opposes Carter’s meeting with 
Meshaal, whose Islamist group won Palestinian parliamentary elections 
in 2006 but was boycotted by the West for refusing to renounce 
violence and recognise Israel.

During his visit to Ramallah, Carter placed a wreath at the mausoleum 
of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.

U.S. President George W. Bush pointedly chose not to do so during his 
recent visit. The Bush administration shunned Arafat, who died in 
2004, accusing him of fomenting violence.

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